The Socceroos have a poor record against teams from the continent having picked up just one point from three World Cup games against them.
Australia's broader form at the tournament isn't much better either having lost four of their last five matches and their one clean sheet coming back in 1974 against Chile.
The green and gold have also developed a reliance on scoring from the penalty spot with their last three World Cup goals coming from there and they are on the verge of becoming the first team in history to score four consecutive goals from spot-kicks at the tournament.
In the Socceroos favour however, is a Peru outfit fairing even worse.
Winless in their past eight World Cup games and failing to score in six of those, the South Americans have struggled on the big stage - a fact summed up in Russia.
Despite some promising performances, they've fallen to consecutive 1-0 losses and haven't been able to find the back of the net from the 27 shots they've taken.
Their hopes of breaking that duck have suffered a blow too, with striker Jefferson Farfan suffering a head injury in training and ruled out of the match against Australia.
Socceroos skipper Mile Jedinak has scored both of his country's goals to date from the penalty spot, continuing his unblemished record with spot kicks and would become the first Australian to score three goals at a single World Cup should he strike against Peru.
The green and gold have some serious history against South American nations when it comes to World Cups having broken a 32-year qualifying drought after beating Uruguay in a play-off back in 2005.
More than a decade later, the Socceroos will be hoping to recapture some of that spirit as they look to seal an unlikely round of 16 birth against a Peru side with a point to prove.