The Clarets made the announcement on the back of their 1-0 Premier League win over Southampton on Saturday, with Bamford missing from the squad.
Bamford, 23, had featured just six times in the league for Burnley and therefore Chelsea have decided to end his temporary spell at Turf Moor.
BREAKING: Patrick Bamford has ended his loan spell with Burnley after being recalled by parent club Chelsea.— Burnley FC (@BurnleyOfficial) January 14, 2017
The news comes off the back of a bust-up between Blues boss Antonio Conte and star striker Diego Costa.
Goal understands Costa is the subject of interest from the Chinese Super League and could pocket a reported £30 million-a-year by making the switch to the Far East in January.
Conte has given first-team minutes to several Chelsea youngsters so far this season including Nathaniel Chalobah and Ola Aina, therefore Bamford could stay at the club rather than be shipped back out on loan.
Bamford sparkled during a loan spell at Middlesbrough in 2014-15, winning Championship Player of the Season for that term, but his career has stagnated during other temporary stints since.
He barely featured during loan spells at Crystal Palace and Norwich in 2015 and 2016 respectively before moving to Burnley in August.