The 30-year-old went under the knife on March 11 in an attempt to cure the niggle, yet after a speedy recovery, Gerrard felt the area pull tight following a swift turn in training and could be out for the rest of the season.
Gerrard was assessed on Saturday in an attempt to discover whether he could play any further part in Liverpool’s push for a place in Europe. The Reds’ captain has been the victim of the same injury all season, featuring in just eight of the club’s last 18 games in the Premier League.
Manager Kenny Dalglish has previously insisted he would not rush Gerrard back into action, though the Reds have often struggled without him, as yesterday's 2-1 defeat to Roy Hodgson’s West Brom at the Hawthorns underlined.
Gerrard’s injury will be looked at extensively next week, which should provide some indication about when, or if, he can return to action this season.
"Steven was training yesterday, ready to be available for today. Then he innocuously tried to turn with the ball, and he felt a sharp pain," said Dalglish on Saturday.
"It is the same area of his groin but not the same thing. We will get him assessed and at the end of the week we will know better."
The news could also come as a blow to England manager Fabio Capello, who expected Gerrard to return in time for the Euro 2012 qualifier against Switzerland on June 4.