All of last year's four winners are among the nominees - Dani Alves, Philipp Lahm, Sergio Ramos and Thiago Silva were last year's World XI defenders.
Leighton Baines, Ashley Cole, Dante and Nemanja Vidic have disappeared from the shortlist compared to last year.
Dani Carvajal, Pepe, Ramos, Raphael Varane and Marcelo represent Madrid after the Santiago Bernabeu side's successful Champions League campaign.
Meanwhile, Jordi Alba, Alves, Javier Mascherano and Gerard Pique are Barcelona's four candidates to make the World XI.
David Alaba, Lahm and Jerome Boateng are the three-man Bayern contingent in the running to make the team.
Paris Saint-Germain duo David Luiz and Thiago Silva, Manchester City's Pablo Zabaleta and Vincent Kompany, Chelsea pair Branislav Ivanovic and Filipe Luis, Atletico Madrid's Diego Godin and Borussia Dortmund centre-back Mats Hummels complete the shortlist.
The Fifa FIFPro World XI is decided by players and involves votes from tens of thousands of professional footballers worldwide.
SHORTLIST IN FULL:
David Alaba (Austria, Bayern Munich) Jordi Alba (Spain, Barcelona) Daniel Alves (Brazil, Barcelona) Jerome Boateng (Germany, Bayern Munich) Daniel Carvajal (Spain, Real Madrid) David Luiz (Brazil, Paris Saint-Germain) Filipe Luis (Brazil, Chelsea) Diego Godin (Uruguay, Atletico Madrid) Mats Hummels (Germany, Borussia Dortmund) Branislav Ivanovic (Serbia, Chelsea) Vincent Kompany (Belgium, Manchester City) Philipp Lahm (Germany, Bayern Munich) Marcelo (Brazil, Real Madrid) Javier Mascherano (Argentina, Barcelona) Pepe (Portugal, Real Madrid) Gerard Pique (Spain, Barcelona) Sergio Ramos (Spain, Real Madrid) Thiago Silva (Brazil, Paris Saint-Germain) Raphael Varane (France, Real Madrid) Pablo Zabaleta (Argentina, Manchester City)