The Manchester City forward revealed earlier this week that he is struggling with a knee injury and is likely to miss up to three weeks of action.
Sampaoli has now opted to bolster his attacking options with Correa, who has impressed in recent games for Atletico.
The forward scored the third in Atletico's 3-0 win over Celta Vigo on Sunday, before netting again and setting up a further two goals in their 5-1 Europa League thrashing of Lokomotiv Moscow on Thursday.
3 – Ángel Correa has been involved in three goals with Atletico de Madrid in a game for the first time (one goal and two assists). Fresh pic.twitter.com/4g6KK4118K— OptaJose (@OptaJose) March 15, 2018
It means Sampaoli has looked past Dybala and Icardi once again, having not called them up to his initial selection.
[SELECCIÓN MAYOR] Ángel Correa, delantero del Atlético de Madrid, fue convocado para los amistosos de la Selección Argentina por Europa pic.twitter.com/bUolTlqUtL— Selección Argentina (@Argentina) March 16, 2018
Argentina face Italy in Manchester on March 23, before then travelling to Correa's stomping ground at club level, the Wanda Metropolitano, for the clash with Spain four days later.