Gareth Southgate's Three Lions qualified for the Nations League Finals in their most recent game late last year, and the four-month break since does not appear to have done them any harm, as Sterling inspired an easy victory.
With Marcus Rashford injured, Southgate handed a first senior start to Borussia Dortmund's Jadon Sancho and he made a strong impact, setting up Sterling's opener, before the Manchester City star won a penalty that Harry Kane converted.
The Czech Republic started the second half better, but two goals in six minutes from Sterling ended any slim hopes of a fightback, while Tomas Kalas' own goal rounded off an abysmal outing for the visitors.
3 - Raheem Sterling is the first England player to score a hat-trick at Wembley since Jermain Defoe in September 2010 (v Bulgaria), netting with each of his three shots in the game. Clinical. pic.twitter.com/GXHacyHpck— OptaJoe (@OptaJoe) March 22, 2019
England were dealt the blow of losing Eric Dier to injury in the 17th minute, with Ross Barkley replacing him.
But the hosts took the lead soon after at the end of a sequence of 25 passes, with Kane's incisive ball finding the run of Sancho to square across the face of goal for Sterling to knock home.
Sterling – who went into the match with only four international goals to his name – threatened again just before the break, winning a penalty after a combination of Kalas and Pavel Kaderabek blocked him off, and Kane made no mistake with the spot-kick.
The away side showed some positive intent after the interval, but goalkeeper Jiri Pavlenka was helpless to prevent England increasing their lead just past the hour as a pass ricocheted to Sterling in the area and he curled home a left-footed effort after a clever turn.
Sterling completed his treble 22 minutes from time when his long-range strike deflected in off Ondrej Celustka, and Callum Hudson-Odoi replaced him soon after to become England's youngest competitive debutant.
The Chelsea winger played a role in the final goal as his shot was parried by Pavlenka and Kalas put the ball into his own net with a woeful first touch, completing a humiliating match for the Czech Republic.
What does it mean? Sterling and Kane to have a field day in Group A
Sterling was deadly in front of goal and, while Kane was a little quieter than usual, he still managed to add to his goal haul in an England shirt.
Most will consider the Czech Republic to be England's toughest opposition in Group A, but the Three Lions tore them apart, with Sterling leading the surge.
Sancho is the real deal
A couple of wayward early passes suggested nerves on his full England debut, but Sancho eased into proceedings, teeing up Sterling to give England the lead. After that he looked his usual self, catching the eye with his silky footwork and fine movement. He is surely a mainstay in the making.
Alli fails to sparkle
Most of England's more forward-thinking players impressed in one way or another, but Dele Alli looked a little off the pace and was significantly less involved.
Key Opta Facts
- England are unbeaten in their last 40 qualifying matches (Euros and World Cup), winning 31 and drawing nine since a 1-0 defeat to Ukraine in October 2009.
- This was England's biggest win at Wembley since a 5-0 triumph over San Marino in October 2014.
- Raheem Sterling became the first England player to score a hat-trick at Wembley since Jermain Defoe in September 2010, scoring with all three of his shots in the match.
- Callum Hudson-Odoi is the youngest player to make his debut for the England national team in a competitive match, aged 18 years and 135 days.
- Raheem Sterling's first goal ended a sequence of 25 passes, with 10 of England’s 11 players touching the ball in the build-up to the goal.
- Harry Kane has scored 16 goals for England under manager Gareth Southgate – 11 more than any other player.
England travel to Podgorica to face Montenegro on Monday, while the Czech Republic host Brazil in a friendly a day later.