Tensions boiled over in the closing stages at the Etihad Stadium last Saturday after Sergio Aguero's dreadful challenge on David Luiz, which saw the City striker sent off and subsequently banned for four matches.
Fernandinho also saw red as he grabbed Cesc Fabregas by the throat and pushed him over the advertising hoardings, a furious reaction to being slapped by the Spainiard.
Both City and Chelsea were charged with failing to control their players, marking the fifth time in 19 months that the London club has been called before the Football Association's disciplinary body for that offence.
That has led to speculation the league leaders could see some of their points taken away, but Conte was astounded to hear such talk.
Asked about the possibility of a sanction in his post-match media conference following Chelsea's 1-0 win over West Brom on Sunday, Conte replied: "Are you joking?
"For me... if you are involved in a situation and the fault is not yours, you must pay? Why? I don't understand this.
"Manchester City and Chelsea, at the end of the game, my players tried to keep their calm. I don't understand this. I repeat, I don't understand this.
"We are trying to improve in all aspects, also this. For this reason, I reply: you must be joking. You must be honest and understand which team is at fault.
"We had a bad record in the past, but now we are different. I think that, in every game, you fight a lot during 90 minutes and, when the referee whistles at the end, it's important to finish.
"I don't know what happened in the past. I know what happened in the present. For this reason, I ask if you are joking or not. After the game between City and Chelsea, you could see very clearly that my players tried to keep their calm."