Chelsea striker Olivier Giroud gets the nod to lead the line, supported by Paris Saint-Germain teenager Mbappe on the right, Juventus midfielder Blaise Matuidi on the left and Atletico Madrid star forward Griezmann through the middle.
Jorge Sampaoli's Argentina came close to a nightmare group stage exit, but a late winner from Marcos Rojo sent the 1986 winners into the last 16 as runners-up behind Croatia in Group D.
Boca Juniors attacker Cristian Pavon, 22, is the only to change in the starting line-up for the Albiceleste, replacing the misfiring Gonzalo Higuain.
Sergio Aguero remains on the bench after being dropped following their 3-0 loss to Croatia.
France XI: Lloris; Pavard, Varane, Umtiti, Hernandez; Kante, Pogba; Mbappe, Griezmann, Matuidi; Giroud
Argentina XI: Armani; Tagliafico, Rojo, Otamendi, Mercardo; Di Maria, Banega, Mascherano, Enzo; Pavon, Messi.