Inter finished fourth in Serie A last season, 21 points behind Juventus, and while the Bianconeri have won each of the last eight league titles, Inter have not finished higher than fourth since 2011.
By hiring the man who coached Juve to the first three of those domestic crowns, Inter are hoping to narrow the gap on the Turin giants.
While Conte was excited to join the Nerazzurri because they have a similar ambition, he says it will take great effort to achieve their goals.
"It was easy to choose Inter," he said at a press conference. "We found ourselves having the same vision and this was very important for me when I found myself talking to the manager and the president.
"We found ourselves sharing the same ambition, the same desire to build something important knowing that we will have to go through a path made of hard work, effort and sweat.
"The presence of director Giuseppe Marotta was certainly an incentive. He knows me well, he knows what my strengths and weaknesses are as I know his. I chose a club with great tradition, one of the most important in the world, it was easy to accept."
He added: "I am a person who has no limits and I don't want others to set themselves at the beginning of the season. In setting limits I would immediately give the team excuses and I don't want this to happen.
"We know very well that in the last few years that a huge gap has been opened up for two teams, especially Juventus, but there is also Napoli, who have shown they can compete at a high level.
"We know that we are called to work harder than others to fill this gap, but we must start with the ambition to give everything we have and in the end we will see what happens.
"We need to talk little and work hard. 'Head down and ride' should be our motto, we will have to be fierce and focused on our goal, which is to bring stability.
"If we want to have a season as challengers we must have these characteristics, we must work, sacrifice ourselves, question ourselves and every Sunday we will have to leave the field with a sweaty shirt. This is what I will demand from the players and I know they can do it."
Inter have signed Valentino Lazaro from Hertha Berlin during the current transfer window, while Matteo Politano and Eddie Salcedo made their moves to San Siro permanent, having spent last season on loan from Sassuolo and Genoa respectively.