The Arsenal goalkeeper made his 119th international appearance on Friday as the hosts powered past Malta in a dominant 6-0 victory in Kufstein.
A routine match for Cech saw him overcome former Manchester United winger Karel Poborsky as the Czech's highest-capped player, in an international career that has spanned 14 years since debuting in 2002.
Arsenal, meanwhile, paid tribute to their goalkeeper's achievement via Twitter, as fellow Gunners favourite Tomas Rosicky also racked up his 101st appearance in international colours.
Cech will now lead his country in a fourth major international championship, having previously appeared in the European Championships of 2004, 2008 and 2012 as well as the 2006 World Cup.
And at 34, there is still time for the shot-stopper to pick up plenty more caps before he finally hangs up his gloves.