The former Leeds United and Tottenham Hotspur 'keeper, 30, was the Three Lions' first choice at the 2006 World Cup before drifting out of England contention until his re-call for the Hungary game.
Robinson, who wasn't picked for the squad for the 2010 World Cup in South Africa, said that being third or fourth-choice 'keeper behind the likes of David James, Ben Foster and Joe Hart was 'very frustrating'.
He told BBC Sport: "Only now have I been able to make this decision as previously I haven't been in contention for selection."I don't see myself as a number three or four keeper and find that role very frustrating.
"I haven't had the opportunity of anything other than this [not being first choice] in recent years, therefore I feel it in the best interest of myself and my club Blackburn Rovers that I concentrate solely on my club football."
His last appearance for England came in 2007 against Russia, before he fell down the pecking order behind the likes of Robert Green, Hart and James in the lead up to the summer's tournament in South Africa.
The Football Association are yet to comment on the decision, but have stated that they do not plan to call up a replacement for Wednesday's match.
Robinson ends his international career having won 41 caps for his country. He made his debut against Australia in 2003.