Neymar, Philippe Coutinho, Ousmane Dembele – players' price tags and the steady increase of their valuation has grown exponentially over the past few years, so which national team has the most expensive combined line-up?
Goal takes a look at the valuation of each 23-man national team to participate this summer in Russia.
France World Cup 2018 squad – €1,037m
Les Bleus have assembled the most expensive squad to compete at this summer's World Cup finals in Russia, their team costing a total of €1,037 million - in other words a little over €1 billion.
This mostly takes into account the transfers of Kylian Mbappe from Monaco to Paris Saint-Germain for €122m (the most expensive player in the French national team), as well as Ousmane Dembele from Borussia Dortmund to Barcelona for €117m – as well as Paul Pogba's return back to Manchester United for €105m.
France's valuation of their team is set to rise imminently, what with Nabil Fekir's proposed transfer to Liverpool within the estimated €68m region as well as Antoine Griezmann's alleged high-profile transfer to Barcelona – though the latter isn't expected to occur until after the completion of this summer's tournament.
France 23-man squad : Alphonse Areola, Hugo Lloris, Steve Mandanda, Lucas Hernandez, Presnel Kimpembe, Benjamin Pavard, Benjamin Mendy, Djibril Sidibe, Adil Rami, Samuel Umtiti, Raphael Varane, Blaise Matuidi, N'Golo Kante, Steven N'Zonzi, Paul Pogba, Corentin Tolisso, Olivier Giroud, Antoine Griezmann, Kylian Mbappe, Thomas Lemar, Nabil Fekir, Florian Thauvin, Ousmane Dembele
Spain World Cup 2018 squad – €1,001m
Spain's squad heading to Russia is a new-look team to the one that won three consecutive major world and European tournaments in the row, but that hasn't affected their squad valuation. La Furia Roja consist of a blend of new and old talent, of fresh and experienced players – Andres Iniesta, David Silva and Gerard Pique are the senior members of the squad while David de Gea, Isco and Marco Asensio offer some fresh legs.
Their combined squad total comes up to €1,001m - almost exactly €1 billion - even without Chelsea record signing Alvaro Morata included.
Spain 23-man squad : David de Gea, Pepe Reina, Kepa Arrizabalaga, Dani Carvajal, Alvaro Odriozola, Gerard Pique, Sergio Ramos, Nacho, Cesar Azpilicueta, Jordi Alba, Nacho Monreal, Sergio Busquets, Saul Niguez, Koke, Thiago Alcantara, Andres Iniesta, David Silva, Isco, Marco Asensio, Lucas Vazquez, Iago Aspas, Rodrigo, Diego Costa
Brazil World Cup 2018 squad – €948m
You would think Brazil would have been clear front-runners for being the squad with the highest transfer value, but they are not. Despite the combined big-money likes of Philippe Coutinho whose Barcelona transfer cost €102m; Neymar's at €183m and Ederson's market value at €56m. Neymar became the most expensive football in the world last summer when his transfer to Paris-Saint German from Barcelona broke the record, but even his price tag isn't enough to surpass that of France's and Ousmane Dembele's.
Instead, the Selecao come in as the third most expensive squad to appear at this year's World Cup, with a combined total of €948m. Things could change after the World Cup, however, if Liverpool decide to comply with Roma's high valuation of goalkeeper Alisson.
Brazil 23-man squad : Alisson, Ederson, Cassio, Thiago Silva, Miranda, Marquinhos, Marcelo, Filipe Luis, Fagner, Pedro Geromel, Danilo, Paulinho, Casemiro, Philippe Coutinho, Renato Augusto, Fred, Fernandinho, Willian, Neymar, Douglas Costa, Gabriel Jesus, Roberto Firmino, Taison
Germany World Cup 2018 squad – €896m
Defending champions Germany are worth a combined €896m – and, like Brazil and Spain, are made up of a myriad of highly valued stars who compete in the European leagues. Mesut Ozil's new contract deal at Arsenal has increased his worth to €51m, while Toni Kroos at Real Madrid is worth an estimated €61m.
Germany 23-man squad : Manuel Neuer, Marc-Andre ter Stegen, Kevin Trapp, Jerome Boateng, Matthias Ginter, Jonas Hector, Mats Hummels, Joshua Kimmich, Marvin Plattenhardt, Antonio Rudiger, Niklas Sule, Julian Brandt, Julian Draxler, Leon Goretzka, Ilkay Gundogan, Sami Khedira, Toni Kroos, Mesut Ozil, Marco Reus, Sebastian Rudy, Mario Gomez, Thomas Muller, Timo Werner
England World Cup 2018 squad – €668m
England are only one of two teams competing in the World Cup this summer where all of their players play in their respective domestic league. All 23 of England's squad players play in the Premier League, one of the biggest and major European leagues, so it was only natural that they too would have a high squad valuation. Squads with a significant portion of their players featuring in the Premier League will always be likely to have the highest value.
Harry Kane, Dele Alli and Raheem Sterling contribute to England's total of €668m, and that's a team including the likes of Kyle Walker – who transferred to Manchester City last summer for €50m from Tottenham – as well.
England 23-man squad : Jordan Pickford, Jack Butland, Nick Pope, Kyle Walker, John Stones, Harry Maguire, Danny Rose, Trent Alexander-Arnold, Ashley Young, Gary Cahill, Phil Jones, Kieran Trippier, Jordan Henderson, Eric Dier, Dele Alli, Jesse Lingard, Raheem Sterling, Ruben Loftus-Cheek, Fabian Delph, Harry Kane, Jamie Vardy, Marcus Rashford, Danny Welbeck
Belgium World Cup 2018 squad – €602m
The main source of Belgium's total €602m squad are the likes of Romelu Lukaku, Kevin De Bruyne and Eden Hazard. Lukaku transferred to Manchester United for €64m in the summer of 2017 from Everton, while De Bruyne's current market value is at €106m – and Chelsea's Hazard is at €84m.
Again, the majority of Belgium's squad play in Europe, who boast the most valuable and expensive players, and offer a wealth of great individual talent and will be expected to go far this summer in Russia.
Belgium 23-man squad : Thibaut Courtois, Simon Mignolet, Koen Casteels, Toby Alderweireld, Dedryck Boyata, Jan Vertonghen, Vincent Kompany, Thomas Vermaelen, Thomas Meunier, Youri Tielemans, Axel Witsel, Kevin de Bruyne, Mousa Dembele, Leander Dendoncker, Marouane Fellaini, Thorgan Hazard, Dries Mertens, Nacer Chadli, Michy Batshuayi, Romelu Lukaku, Eden Hazard, Adnan Januzaj, Yannick Carrasco
Argentina World Cup 2018 squad – €529m
Lionel Messi is the obvious expensive figurehead in Argentina's 23-man squad, valued at €137m at the bare minimum though his release clause from Barcelona is set at €530m (which is higher than the worth of the entire Argentina squad combined).
Alonside Messi, however, Argentina also do boast several stars including Gonzalo Higuain, Paulo Dybala and Sergio Aguero for a total combined worth of €529m.
Argentina 23-man squad : Sergio Romero, Wilfredo Caballero, Franco Armani, Gabriel Mercado, Cristian Ansaldi, Nicolas Otamendi, Federico Fazio, Marcos Rojo, Nicolas Tagliafico, Marcos Acuna, Javier Mascherano, Eduardo Salvio, Lucas Biglia, Giovani Lo Celso, Ever Banega, Manuel Lanzini, Maximiliano Meza, Angel di Maria, Cristian Pavon, Lionel Messi, Paulo Dybala, Gonzalo Higuain, Sergio Aguero
Portugal World Cup 2018 squad – €355m
Portugal's squad "only" has a worth of a measly €355m compared to the previous seven nations, with Cristiano Ronaldo undoubtedly pulling in most of the bank. The Real Madrid superstar, who recently scooped up his third Champions League trophy in a row, was the most expensive footballer of all-time when he moved from Manchester United to Real Madrid in 2009 for €68m and is still his nation's most expensive player.
Portugal 23-man squad: Anthony Lopes, Beto, Rui Patricio, Bruno Alves, Cedric Soares, Jose Fonte, Mario Rui, Pepe, Raphael Guerreiro, Ricardo Pereira, Ruben Dias, Adrien Silva, Bruno Fernandes, Joao Mario, Joao Moutinho, Manuel Fernandes, William Carvalho, Andre Silva, Bernardo Silva, Cristiano Ronaldo, Gelson Martins, Goncalo Guedes, Ricardo Quaresma
Croatia World Cup 2018 squad – €291m
Croatia are surprisingly still relatively high in this list due to the likes of individual stars in Luka Modric at Real Madrid, Ivak Rakitic at Barcelona and Dejan Lovren at Liverpool. The Croatian team heading to Russia this summer is worth €291m in total, significantly less than the majority of high-profile European nations but still an expensive squad all the same.
Croatia 23-man squad: Danijel Subasic, Lovre Kalinic, Dominik Livakovic, Vedran Corluka, Domagoj Vida, Ivan Strinic, Dejan Lovren, Sime Vrsaljko, Josip Pivaric, Tin Jedvaj, Duje Caleta-Car, Luka Modric, Ivan Rakitic, Mateo Kovacic, Milan Badelj, Marcelo Brozovic, Filip Bradaric, Mario Mandzukic, Ivan Perisic, Nikola Kalinic, Andrej Kramaric, Marko Pjaca, Ante Rebic
Uruguay World Cup 2018 squad – €280m
The two biggest stars in the Uruguay squad are undoubtedly Luis Suarez and Edinson Cavani, the squad costing €280m in total – coming in third in most expensive South American countries after Brazil and Argentina. Cavani's transfer from Napoli to PSG in 2013 was around €48m, while Suarez's to Barcelona from Liverpool was worth €55m.
Uruguay 23-man squad: Fernando Muslera, Martin Silva, Martin Campana, Diego Godin, Sebastian Coates, Jose Maria Gimenez, Maximiliano Pereira, Gaston Silva, Martin Caceres, Guillermo Varela, Nahitan Nandez, Lucas Torreira, Matias Vecino, Federico Valverde, Rodrigo Bentancur, Carlos Sanchez, Giorgian De Arrascaeta, Diego Laxalt, Cristian Rodriguez, Jonathan Urretaviscaya, Nicolas Lodeiro, Gaston Ramirez, Cristhian Stuani, Maximiliano Gomez, Edinson Cavani, Luis Suarez
Senegal World Cup 2018 squad – €252m
Senegal's squad to compete in Russia this summer costs a total of €252m, mostly buoyed by Sadio Mane's transfer to Liverpool for €28m in 2016.
Senegal 23-man squad: Khadim Ndiaye, Abdoulaye Diallo, Alfred Gomis, Kara Mbodji, Kalidou Koulibaly, Moussa Wague, Saliou Ciss, Youssouf Sabaly, Lamine Gassama, Armand Traore, Salif Sane, Pape Alioune Ndiaye, Idrissa Gueye, Cheikhou Kouyate, Cheikh N'Doye, Sadio Mane, Diao Balde Keita, Ismaila Sarr, Diafra Sakho, Moussa Konate, Mame Biram Diouf, Mbaye Niang
Denmark World Cup 2018 squad – €200m
Denmark's squad adds up to a total of €200m, with Tottenham star Christian Eriksen billed as their most valuable player.
Denmark 23-man squad : Frederik Ronnow, Jonas Lossl, Kasper Schmeichel, Andreas Christensen, Henrik Dalsgaard, Jannik Vestergaard, Jens Stryger Larsen, Jonas Knudsen, Mathias Jorgensen, Simon Kjaer, Christian Eriksen, Lasse Schone, Lukas Lerager, Michael Krohn-Dehli, Thomas Delaney, Willian Kvist, Andreas Cornelius, Kasper Dolberg, Martin Braithwaite, Nicolai Jorgensen, Pione Sisto, Viktor Fischer, Yussuf Yurary Poulsen
Poland World Cup 2018 squad – €200m
Poland's 23-man squad that will travel to Russia for the World Cup costs a combined €200m, with its biggest stars in Robert Lewandowski and Wojciech Szczesny.
Poland 23-man squad : Bartosz Bialkowski, Lukasz Fabianski, Wojciech Szczesny, Jan Bednarek, Bartosz Bereszynski, Thiago Cionek, Kamil Glik, Artur Jedrzejczyk, Michal Pazdan, Lukasz Piszczek, Jakub Blaszczykowski, Jacek Goralski, Kamil Grosicki, Grzegorz Krychowiak, Rafal Kurzawa, Karol Linetty, Slawomir Peszko, Maciej Rybus, Piotr Zielinski, Dawid Kownacki, Robert Lewandowski, Arkadiusz Milik, Lukasz Teodorczyk
Colombia World Cup 2018 squad – €196m
Colombia's total worth is €196m, coming in fourth of the most expensive South American countries, with Bayern Munich star James Rodriguez their biggest star. The forward announced himself to the world of football after a stellar performance in Brazil in 2014, which earned him a move to Real Madrid for €53m soon after, though is now on loan with the Bundesliga club.
Colombia 23-man squad : David Ospina, Camilo Vargas, Jose Fernando Cuadrado, Cristian Zapata, Davinson Sanchez, Santiago Arias, Oscar Murillo, Frank Fabra, Johan Mojica, Yerry Mina, Wilmar Barrios, Carlos Sanchez, Jefferson Lerma, Jose Izquierdo, James Rodriguez, Abel Aguilar, Mateus Uribe, Juan Fernando Quintero, Juan Guillermo Cuadrado, Radamel Falcao, Miguel Borja, Carlos Bacca, Luis Muriel
Serbia World Cup 2018 squad – €181m
Serbia's World Cup costs a combined €181m, with their biggest star in Nemanja Matic.
Serbia 23-man squad : Vladimir Stojkovic, Predrag Rajkovic, Marko Dmitrovic, Aleksandar Kolarov, Branislav Ivanovic, Dusko Tosic, Antonio Rukavina, Milos Veljkovic, Milan Rodic, Uros Spajic, Nikola Milenkovic, Nemanja Matic, Luka Milivojevic, Sergej Milinkovic-Savic, Marko Grujic, Adem Ljajic, Dusan Tadic, Filip Kostic, Andrija Zivkovic, Nemanja Radonjic, Aleksandar Mitrovic, Aleksandar Prijovic, Luka Jovic
Switzerland World Cup 2018 squad – €161m
Switzerland's team comes up to a total worth of €161m, featuring stars such as Xherdan Shaqiri and Granit Chaka. Their worth will no doubt inflate after the World Cup if Liverpool decide to make a swoop for forward Shaqiri, whose club Stoke was relegated to the Championship.
Switzerland 23-man squad: Roman Buerki, Yvon Mvogo, Yann Sommer, Manuel Akanji, Johan Djourou, Nico Elvedi, Michael Lang, Stephan Lichtsteiner, Jacques-Francois Moubandje, Ricardo Rodriguez, Fabian Schaer, Valon Behrami, Xherdan Shaqiri, Granit Xhaka, Blerim Dzemaili, Gelson Fernandes, Remo Freuler, Denis Zakaria, Steven Zuber, Josip Drmic, Breel Embolo, Mario Gavranovic, Haris Seferovic
Egypt World Cup 2018 squad – €150m
The "Egyptian Prince" Mohamed Salah is easily the most valuable player of the Pharaohs squad that will travel to Russia this summer, his estimated price tag of €114m making up 76% of the total value of the Egyptian national team which is €150m.
Egypt 23-man squad : Essam El Hadary, Mohamed El-Shennawy, Sherif Ekramy; Ahmed Fathi, Abdallah Said, Saad Samir, Ayman Ashraf, Mohamed Abdel-Shafy, Ahmed Hegazi, Ali Gabr, Ahmed Elmohamady, Omar Gaber, Tarek Hamed, Mahmoud Shikabala, Sam Morsy, Mohamed Elneny, Mahmoud Kahraba, Ramadan Sobhi, Trezeguet, Amr Warda; Marwan Mohsen, Mohamed Salah, Mahmoud Elwensh
Mexico World Cup 2018 squad – €101m
The Mexico squad, whose biggest star is Javier Hernandez – despite the forward struggling at West Ham this season – costs €101m.
Mexico 23-man squad: Guillermo Ochoa, Alfredo Talavera, Jesus Corona, Diego Reyes, Carlos Salcedo, Hector Moreno, Miguel Layun, Jesus Gallardo, Hugo Ayala, Edson Alvarez, Hector Herrera, Andres Guardado, Rafa Marquez, Jonathan dos Santos, Marco Fabian, Giovani dos Santos, Javier Aquino, Jesus Corona, Raul Jimenez, Oribe Peralta, Javier Hernandez, Carlos Vela, Hirving Lozano
Russia World Cup 2018 squad – €105m
The host nations for this summer cost a combined total of €105m.
Russia 23-man squad: Igor Akinfeev, Vladimir Gabulov, Andrey Lunev, Vladimir Granat, Fyodor Kudryashov, Ilya Kutepov, Andrey Semyonov, Igor Smolnikov, Mario Fernandes, Sergei Ignashevich, Yury Gazinsky, Alan Dzagoev, Alexander Golovin, Alexander Erokhin, Yury Zhirkov, Daler Kuzyaev, Roman Zobnin, Alexander Samedov, Anton Miranchuk, Denis Cheryshev, Artem Dzyuba, Alexei Miranchuk, Fyodor Smolov
Nigeria World Cup 2018 squad – €100m
Nigeria, who boast skilled individual talent in the likes of Alex Iwobi and Victor Moses, are worth €100m in total.
Nigeria 23-man squad: Ikechukwu Ezenwa, Daniel Akpeyi, Francis Uzoho, William Troost-Ekong, Shehu Abdullahi, Leon Balogun, Kenneth Omeruo, Bryan Idowu, Chidozie Awaziem, Elderson Echiejile, Tyronne Ebuehi, Mikel Obi, Ogenyi Onazi, John Ogu, Wilfred Ndidi, Oghenekaro Etebo, Joel Obi, Odion Ighalo, Ahmed Musa, Kelechi Iheanacho, Alex Iwobi, Simeon Nwankwo, Victor Moses
Morocco World Cup 2018 squad – €90m
The Morocco team to compete in Russia this summer costs a total of €90m.
Morocco 23-man squad: Mounir El Kajoui, Yassine Bounou, Ahmad Reda Tagnaouti, Mehdi Benatia, Romain Saiss, Manuel Da Costa, Nabil Dirar, Achraf Hakimi, Hamza Mendyl, M'barek Boussoufa, Karim El Ahmadi, Youssef Ait Bennasser, Sofyan Amrabat, Younes Belhanda, Faycal Fajr, Amine Harit, Khalid Boutaib, Aziz Bouhaddouz, Ayoub El Kaabi, Nordin Amrabat, Mehdi Carcela, Hakim Ziyech, Youssef En-Nesyri
Sweden World Cup 2018 squad – €86m
Sweden's 23-man World Cup squad valuation comes to €86m, featuring the likes of Manchester United's Victor Lindelof.
Sweden World Cup squad: Robin Olsen, Karl-Johan Johnsson, Kristoffer Nordfeldt, Mikael Lustig, Victor Lindelof, Andreas Granqvist, Martin Olsson, Ludwig Augustinsson, Filip Helander, Emil Krafth, Pontus Jansson, Sebastian Larsson, Albin Ekdal, Emil Forsberg, Gustav Svensson, Oscar Hiljemark, Viktor Claesson, Marcus Rohden, Jimmy Durmaz, Marcus Berg, John Guidetti, Ola Toivonen, Isaac Kiese Thelin
South Korea World Cup 2018 squad – €63m
Tottenham star Son Heung-min makes up 59 per cent of his side's total worth of €63m, making up a huge proportion of the squad.
South Korea World Cup squad: Kim Seung-gyu, Kim Jin-hyeon, Cho Hyun-woo, Kim young-gwon, Jang Hyun-soo, Jung Seung-hyun, Yun Yong-sun, Oh Ban-suk, Kim Min-woo, Park Joo-ho, Hong Chul, Go Yo-han, Lee Yong, Ki Sung-yueng, Jung Woo-young, Ju Se-jong, Koo Ja-cheol, Lee Jae-sung, Lee Seung-woo, Moon Seon-min, Kim Shin-wook, Son Heung-min, Hwang Hee-chan
Iceland World Cup 2018 squad – €56m
Iceland's humble nature as a squad is what shocked the world when they eliminated England at the 2016 Euros, and will be making their first-ever appearance at a World Cup in Russia. Their total estiminated value is €56m.
Iceland 23-man squad: Hannes Halldorsson, Runar Runarsson, Frederik Schram, Kari Arnason, Holmar Eyjolfsson, Rurik Gislason, Sverrir Ingason, Hordur Magnusson, Birkir Saevarsson, Ragnar Sigurdsson, Ari Skulason, Birkir Bjarnason, Samuel Fridjonsson, Johann Gudmundsson, Aron Gunnarsson, Emil Hallfredsson, Gylfi Sigurdsson, Olafur Skulason, Arnor Traustason, Jon Bodvarsson, Alfred Finnbogason, Albert Gudmundsson, Bjorn Sigurdarson
Japan World Cup 2018 squad – €53m
Japan's total worth of €53m makes them rank as the 25th most expensive squad heading to the finals in Russia.
Japan 23-man squad: Eiji Kawashima, Masaaki Higashiguchi, Kosuke Nakamura, Yuto Nagatomo, Tomoaki Makino, Wataru Endo, Maya Yoshida, Hiroki Sakai, Gotoku Sakai, Gen Shoji, Naomichi Ueda, Makoto Hasebe, Keisuke Honda, Takashi Inui, Shinji Kagawa, Hotaru Yamaguchi, Genki Haraguchi, Takashi Usami, Gaku Shibasaki, Ryota Oshima, Shinji Okazaki, Yuya Osako, Yoshinori Muto