It marked a fourth consecutive defeat for Chicago, which has fallen off the pace and is fourth in the Eastern Conference.
Danladi opened the scoring nine minutes before halftime, tapping in an Ethan Finlay pass.
The Ghanaian forward struck again before the break, getting on the end of a Jerome Thiesson cross from the right.
David Accam pulled a goal back for Veljko Paunovic's home side with a neat finish following a Bastian Schweinsteiger pass, but Minnesota held on.
Also struggling is Orlando City, which saw its winless run stretch to seven competitive games after a 2-1 loss at home to the Vancouver Whitecaps.
A Tommy Redding own goal and Brek Shea strike saw Vancouver, fourth in the Western Conference, to the win.
Cyle Larin struck in the 62nd minute for Orlando, but the side fell to a defeat that left it ninth in the east.