The Bayern Munich stopper defeated Juventus' Gianluigi Buffon and Barcelona's Claudio Bravo and has now completed a hat-trick of titles, with David De Gea finishing fourth
Bayern goalkeeper Neuer beat off competition from runner-up Gianluigi Buffon and third-placed Claudio Bravo to reclaim the International Federation of Football History and Statistics (IFFHS) award.
Experts from 50 countries cast their vote in the competition, and Neuer earned 188 points, a remarkable 110 ahead of his Juventus rival, while Bravo received only 45.
"Of course I am happy about this triple. But titles with my team are more important to me," he told Bayern's official website.
Premier League goalkeepers David De Gea and Thibaut Courtois came fourth and fifth respectively, with Petr Cech sixth.
Marcelo Barovero, Marc Andre Ter Stegen, Iker Casillas and Daniel Subasic round off the top 10.