The former Swansea manager has managed to create a title-challenging side with a homegrown core at Anfield, and he expects Roy Hodgson to utilise his players in the coming years
The trio impressed on Sunday as Liverpool bounced back from a 3-1 defeat to champions Manchester City by easing to a 3-0 victory over Tottenham at White Hart Lane.
Sterling opened the scoring inside eight minutes following good work from Sturridge and Henderson, and all three players earned praise from their manager after the game, with Rodgers believing England boss Roy Hodgson will benefit from their continued development.
"These are boys that are playing in a top league, with a top club and are showing great awareness, work rate and energy," he told reporters.
"They are showing they can play in different systems as well, so they'll be key over the coming years for Roy."
Henderson has blossomed into one of Liverpool's most valuable players since Rodgers' arrival at Anfield in 2012, forming a strong partnership with former England captain Steven Gerrard in central midfield.
"He's certainly taken on those leadership qualities - you can see his complete stature on the field," Rodgers added. "Other than Steven, he's played the most games since I've come into the club, so I obviously rate his talent very highly."