The Argentine coach accused the Group B winners of putting "nine or 10 men behind the ball" at all times during his side's 2-0 loss at Arena Corinthians
The Dutch prevailed at Arena Corinthians, claiming a 2-0 victory courtesy of two late goals from Leroy Fer and Memphis Depay.
However, Sampaoli was left outraged at the full-time whistle by what he perceived as Netherlands' overly negative tactics.
"They always put nine or 10 players behind the ball," the Argentine fumed. "It was a congested game and that favoured them because we wanted to play - Holland didn't.
"We went into the game with the idea of winning but we could not find the solution for beating a team that only defended and solely relied on long shots from their forwards.
"Despite the defeat, though, our team spirit is still intact because we took Holland on.
"I am proud to lead this Chile team. It is a courageous group and we leave this game with our heads held high."
Chile needed to win the game to pip Oranje to top spot in Group B, so their inability to defeat the Dutch means that they are now likely to face tournament hosts Brazil in the last 16.
"I think that any opponent we'll meet in the knockout stage will be difficult," Sampaoli mused.
"But, certainly, if it is to be Brazil, we will have to be careful.
"The are the favourites. The tournament is in their country and they have all of their people behind them.
"But beyond the home support, I do not think that playing Brazil will affect our group [of players] because we know how to play."