Preparations for the tournament cost over €20 billion in Poland alone, yet many construction workers haven't been paid for months and are becoming restless, Goal.com investigates
The simple principle of a fair day's pay in exchange for a fair day's work is one that is universal. When employer and employee reach an agreement for a service-pay exchange, it's something sacred. And when that sacrament is broken, the fallout can turn ugly very quickly.
Such is the dilemma the city of Gdansk faces as construction workers demand compensation for the building of a still-incomplete road between the local airport and PGE Arena, host of four matches at Euro 2012.
While European and world champions Spain relax at their five-star hotel complex in Gniewino, the workers, who built their training ground, have gone months without pay. The workmen, sub-contracted by now-defunct company Hydrobudowa, claim to be owed three million Zloty (€704,000), and showed their outrage as they blocked traffic to Monday's Group C match between Spain and Croatia.
Full-out crisis for Uefa was averted, however, as protestors reached a compromise with police that did not affect kick-off. After pledging to bring as many as 60 construction vehicles to create a barrier on Slowackiego Avenue, the organisers downgraded to 20. Instead of completely blocking traffic, they allowed emergency vehicles, as well as fan-carrying buses, to pass.
"While Spain relax at their five-star hotel complex in Gniewino, the workers, who built their training ground, have gone months without pay"
"Thanks to the goodwill of both sides, we managed to avoid a problem we were very concerned about in the morning," he told Goal.com.
"The demonstrators asked the police to talk; they didn't want to cause trouble.
"They wanted to show how they were wronged and wanted to be noticed as people who had financial trouble without any fault of their own.
"These people have families."
Uefa can be satisfied that Monday's match was not affected, but that is of little compensation to Tadeusz Kunda, who during the protest held a sign reading: "Euro 2012: At What Cost?"
The manager of Eurostal, one of many companies sub-contracted by Hydrobudowa, Kunda is among hundreds of workers who haven't been paid since March, or even earlier; some have gone without wages since October.
"The stadium in Gniewino is a grave for my family. It has destroyed me. For 20 years I've paid taxes from contracts I haven't been paid for," an emotional Kunda told Goal.com. "Everybody's happy; the mayor is happy, all in smiles, but who is talking to me?
"I built the stadium in Gniewino and now I'm nothing. I wasn't even let in for the training session, as [security guards] made me out to be a hooligan.
"Today I called Internal Revenue to ask them for a rope that I could hang myself on, because I can't afford one."
In addition to constructing Spain's training complex, Eurostal were contracted to build a road from the local airport to the PGE Arena. Fed up with their situation, workers abandoned the project last month, leaving the road broken into three disconnected segments. Their frustration boiled over on Monday as Kunda organised the protest to send a message to authorities.
|Today I called Internal Revenue to ask them for a rope that I could hang myself on, because I can't afford one
Uefa and the Spanish FA (RFEF) both declined to comment on the protests, which Kotlowski described as "legal", and met with compassion. However, the problem remains that Kunda and many others have yet to receive their wages.
Gdansk is not the only Euro host city with the problem of unpaid workers. Subcontractors in Warsaw claim to be owed 100m Zloty (€23.5m) in association with the construction of the National Stadium. However, Monday marked the first organised demonstration by disgruntled workers.
A second protest, one that would have taken place at a main junction near the PGE Arena, had been scheduled ahead of Friday's Euro 2012 quarter-final between Germany and Greece. However, activists backed down after Emilia Salach, speaking on behalf of the mayor's office, condemned their proposal as "a threat to the residents' health and safety".
"If the roads are blocked, police and medical services cannot get through," she explained.
The city offered to permit demonstrators to rally in the same location as on Monday, but Kunda and his protestors declined.
Hydrobudowa, part of the debt-laden PBG group, has been granted bankruptcy protection, but claims to be unable to pay all its subcontractors. It is the biggest Polish construction company to falter following a €20 billion spending spree ahead of the tournament.