The 25-year-old has not featured for Les Bleus since August 2010, when he came on as a substitute in the 2-1 friendly defeat against Norway in what was Blanc's first match in charge of the national team.
Ben Arfa has been in impressive form at Newcastle this season after fully recovering from a broken tibia and fibula sustained in 2010-11, and has been rewarded with a place on Blanc's first provisional list, which features only foreign-based players.
Real Madrid star Karim Benzema is the only striker on the roster. The second provisional list, with players who ply their trade in France, will be revealed on May 15.
France will play friendly matches against Iceland, Serbia and Estonia before flying to Ukraine for Euro 2012.
The 1998 World Cup winners have been paired with Ukraine, Sweden and England in Group D, with their first match scheduled for June 11, against the Three Lions.
Below you can find the first provisional list in full:
|Gael Clichy||Manchester City|
|Patrice Evra||Manchester United|
|Philippe Mexes||AC Milan|
|Samir Nasri||Manchester City|
|Hatem Ben Arfa||Newcastle|
|Franck Ribery||Bayern Munich|