The Uruguayan, who has apologized and been fined by Liverpool, bit the Chelsea defender during the 2-2 draw at Anfield on Sunday and faces a suspension for violent conduct.
The FA confirmed in a statement on its official website that "the incident was not seen by the match officials and has therefore been retrospectively reviewed.
"It is alleged that the conduct of Suarez constitutes violent conduct and it is the FA's contention that the standard punishment of three matches that would otherwise apply is clearly insufficient in these circumstances."
The Liverpool star has until Tuesday evening to appeal, with an independent panel to be brought together on Wednesday to hear the charge.
Suarez has already been fined by his club, which has indicated that it would accept any judgement forthcoming from the FA.
The forward's actions have prompted outrage from fans and pundits, with former PFA chairman Pat Nevin telling Goal.com that the Reds man had "let down his fellow professionals".