The Ivory Coast international says he wants to prove players from his continent are as good as those from Europe and South America.
Toure, who has won league titles in England, Spain and Greece, as well as the Champions League with Barcelona, was among the six names shortlisted for the Professional Footballers' Association’s Player of the Year award Friday.
Following the club’s Capital One Cup victory at Wembley in March, Samir Nasri claimed Toure would be considered as the best midfielder in the world if he wasn’t African.
“I think what Samir was saying was definitely true,” Toure told BBC’s "Football Focus." "To be honest, proper recognition has only come from the fans. I don't want to be hard and I don't want to be negative, but I want to be honest.
"If you go to any part of Africa now, people will say, 'Yes, we know [Lionel Messi],' but when you come to Europe and say 'Yaya Toure' people will say, 'Who is that?'
"Some will say they know my name but not know my face. But they will know Messi's face. I am very proud to be African, I want to defend African people and I want to show to the world that African players can be as good as the Europeans and South Americans."