The defender for Los Rayados was given his first international call-up by Alejandro Sabella for Argentina's qualifying matches against Venezuela and Bolivia.
Basanta could gain his first cap for his country, and the selection comes in light of news that Newcastle defender Fabricio Coloccini could be out until May.
The squad includes Lionel Messi, Gonzalo Higuain, Sergio Aguero and Ezequiel Lavezzi. Real Madrid's Angel Di Maria will participate as well, but he will miss the first match through suspension.
Argentina currently tops the CONMEBOL World Cup qualifying table and will play Venezuela on March 22 in Buenos Aires before going to Bolivia on March 26.
Here is Argentina's full squad:
|Marcos Rojo||Sporting Lisbon|
|Pablo Zabaleta||Manchester City|
|Angel Di Maria||Real Madrid|
|Sergio Aguero||Manchester City|
|Franco Di Santo||Wigan|
|Gonzalo Higuain||Real Madrid|
|Rodrigo Palacio||Inter Milan|