The Bayern Munich man left Sergio Ramos trailing as he sped through the middle of the pitch and into the penalty area before firing home the fifth Dutch goal in Friday's game.
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Prior to that record-breaking burst, Arsenal and England star Theo Walcott was the quickest player in the world with a speed of nearly 22 mph.
Robben's previous personal best was clocked at just under 20 mph for Bayern. Perhaps, more impressive, is the fact he has broken the record pace set by a footballer at the age of 30.
Further down the list of speedsters are Manchester United's Antonio Valencia, Gareth Bale in fourth, fifth-placed Aaron Lennon and Cristiano Ronaldo, who is now sixth.
Behind the Real Madrid man in seventh and eighth spot are Lionel Messi and Wayne Rooney.
Usain Bolt remains the fastest man in the world and of all time. The Jamaica 100 and 200 meter runner ran 27.79 mph in the final of the World Championships in Berlin in 2009.