Joachim Low's men have displaced Spain as the No. 1 team, while the USA has dropped two spots.
Argentina moved from fifth place to second following the 1-0 loss to Germany in the final, with the Netherlands at No. 3 after its third-place finish at the World Cup.
The USA remains the top-ranked CONCACAF team at 15th, just one place ahead of surprise quarterfinalist Costa Rica.
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Reigning European champion Spain, meanwhile, has dropped from first to eighth place following its disappointing campaign in Brazil.
Colombia (fourth), Belgium (fifth), Uruguay (sixth), Brazil (seventh), Switzerland (ninth) and France (10th) complete the top 10.
Algeria is Africa's top representative at 24th, with Cote d'Ivoire sitting in 25th and Nigeria the 34rd-place team (climbing 10 spots).
Japan, at No. 45, remains Asia's top side in the world rankings.