The Bluebirds forward was involved in an altercation with Jonathan de Guzman that was not picked up by the match officials, but a three-man panel of former elite referees used video evidence to rule that Bellamy committed violent conduct.
Any potential ban for Bellamy would be a big blow for Ole Gunnar Solskjaer's side as they they sit three points adrift of safety in 19th place in the table.
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"The incident occurred during Cardiff’s game against Swansea City on Saturday 8 February 2014. Bellamy has until 6pm on Tuesday 11 February 2014 to respond to the charge.
"Under a new pilot project in Premier League matches this season, if an incident has not been seen by the match officials, a three-man panel of former elite referees will be asked by The FA to review it and advise what, if any action, they believe the match referee should have taken had it been witnessed at the time.
"For an FA charge to follow, all three panel members must agree it is a sending-off offence. In this instance, the panel were of the unanimous decision that it was an act of violent conduct."