The 23-year-old has been deployed in a variety of roles by Brendan Rodgers this term, including in the centre of midfield and at wing-back, while playing every minute of their Premier League outings.
"Tactical awareness was one thing I felt as though I needed to improve on," he told the club's official website.
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"Playing in these different roles is all about knowing your job, tactically, and where you need to be on the pitch and what you are trying to do defensively as well as going forward.
"I enjoy it. There are different challenges. I think you've just got to try and know the role that you are playing as best you can.
"I feel as though I'm improving on that all the time. The main thing is that I'm playing football and that's what we all love to do, so hopefully I can continue to do that."
Liverpool sit level on points with league leaders Arsenal, and Henderson feels the squad's improved performances is in part due to Rodgers' philosophy starting to take effect after promising signs last season.
"We need to make sure that we keep our performance level high and that we're more consistent over the course of the season," he continued.
"The manager has had a bit more time to put his stamp on what he really wants to do and I felt as though even last season, as the campaign went on, we really progressed as a team and finished really strongly.
"So I think having another pre-season together and then starting the season so well, we've picked up where we left off and hopefully that can continue."