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The gap that divides the Italian champions and FC Hollywood on the football pitch is reflected on the balance sheet, with the German side making massive amounts in comparison

By Andrea Ghislandi

The massive hit-single 'Money Money Money' by Abba included a lyric which suggested it is a rich man's world and that certainly seemed to be borne out last week as Bayern Munich overcame Juventus 2-0 in the Champions League quarter-final first leg.

Juve coach Antonio Conte was quick to point out the difference between the two clubs economically after the game as the media asked him to explain why there had been such a gulf displayed over the 90 minutes.

"Bayern spent €48 million [£41m] on one player, Javi Martinez, and there ends every conversation..." said the Bianconeri boss. "They spend money, and we see the difference it makes. There are not enough buckets and spades to build a squad like that."

Such words will have made president Andrea Agnelli and director general Giuseppe Marotta somewhat twitchy, but they have really taken the right road in their bid to stand the Old Lady back on her feet. Still, they remain a long way from being a top club like Bayern, who have become a model of virtuosity, ending the last 12 financial years in profit. Juve, therefore, were not just beaten over 90 minutes. Instead it was a defeat that had been a long time in coming thanks to the comparative balance sheets.

Let us compare the financial statements of the two clubs for season 2011-12.

THE 'SPREAD' BETWEEN BAYERN AND JUVENTUS
 
BAYERN MUNICH
JUVENTUS

THE HIGHLIGHTS
£283.9m REVENUE 2011-12 £182.7m
£348.6m REVENUE 2010-11
£147m
+14% REVENUE GROWTH
+24,2%
£110.4m GATE RECEIPTS
£27.2m
£119.4m COMMERCIAL REVENUE
£62.4m
£32.1m TV RIGHTS £77.4m

TURNOVER
 
Bayern Munich's statement dated June 30, 2012 detailed a record turnover of €332.2m [£283.9m], up 14 per cent on the previous year's €290.9m. Never in the club's 112-year history have they previously had such a phenomenal economic base as they do now. Revenues from games came to €129.2m [£110.4m], amounting to 39% of total revenue, while their €82.3m [£70.3m] of commercial and marketing revenue accounted for 24.7% of their overall income. TV and radio rights (excluding Champions League) yielded €37.6m [£32.1m] (11.3% of total revenue), while player transfers brought €5m [£4.3m] and merchandising recouped €57.4m [£49m].

As Juve bounced back to win their first post-Calciopoli title, their own revenues increased by 24.2% to €213.8m [£182.7m]. While that may be a big jump, their receipts remaining minuscule in comparison to the Bavarians. In 2010-11 they recorded revenue €118.9m [£101.6m] shy of Bayern, and the following year it was still €118.5m [£101.3m] short of what FC Hollywood could boast. All the same, Juventus' much improved balance sheet came thanks in part to Juventus Stadium, which helped to the tune of €20.3m [£17.3m], while there was also a big step forward in sponsorship and marketing, with revenues of €10.2m [£8.7m].

THE BALANCE SHEET
 
The Germans are unrivalled in terms of their virtuosity. Their 2012 balance sheet ended with a surplus of €11.1m [£9.5m], an increase of €9.8m [£8.4m] on the previous year. This was to the delight of shareholders, who received record dividends to the tune of €5.5m [£4.7m].

The Turin side have also made huge strides, but their accounts remain in the red. In fact, their statements showed a loss of €48.7m [£41.6m] last year, albeit a significant improvement on 2010-11's €95.4m [£81.5m] losses.

STADIUM AND MARKETING
 
The huge difference between the two clubs comes largely from gate receipts and from advertising and marketing. Die Roten, who had sold out all 17 Bundesliga home games even before the season had begun - even with a phenomenal capacity of 69,000 at the Allianz Arena, earned €129.2m [£101.4m] from the box office. A further €139.7m [£119.4m] was earned in sponsorship and advertising, representing the largest portion of their revenues.

According to the Deloitte Money League, however, Juventus earned just €31.8m [£27.2m] from the gates at Juventus Stadium, and €90.6m [£77.4m] more from TV rights. Another €73m [£62.4m] came from sponsorship and advertising. You can tell by the numbers that the two models are completely different; the Germans being focused on marketing and merchandising, while the Bianconeri rely on TV rights.

Bayern also sell almost twice as many replica shirts - 830,000 against 480,000 - while they earn double the revenue from their main title sponsor and kit manufacturer contributions. Bayern's contracts with Adidas and Deutsche Telekom earn them €50m [£42.7m] compared to Juve's €25m [£21.35m] from Nike and Jeep.

It is clear which is the more desirable financial model of the two.

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