The 33-year-old former England international, who won the Premier League, FA Cup and League Cup with Chelsea, has decided to hang up his boots due to a knee injury
The 33-year-old had spent the past season with Reading, making 10 appearances in the Championship as the club missed out on a play-off place on the final day of the campaign.
Bridge started his career at Southampton, coming through the ranks before making his England debut in a friendly against the Netherlands in 2003.
A big-money move to Chelsea soon followed where he competed with Ashley Cole for a starting left-back berth.
During a five-and-a-half-year stay at Stamford Bridge the full-back won the Premier League, FA Cup and League Cup before joining City in 2009.
Bridge enjoyed a successful first two years with City, but the arrivals of Aleksandar Kolarov and Gael Clichy saw the player deemed surplus to requirements and subsequently went on loan to West Ham and Sunderland.
Bridge impressed for Brighton last year before joining for Reading on a permanent deal last summer following his release by City.
Overall, Bridge made 36 appearances, scoring once, for England - his last coming in 2009 - and over 300 in the Premier League.