Kaboul was initially ruled out of Euro 2012 after aggravating an existing knee injury whilst playing for Spurs in the final game of last season.
The centre-back appeared in pre-season before playing the full 90 minutes against Newcastle United on the opening day of the new campaign but went under the knife on Thursday in a bid to cure the knee problem.
|14/1||Tottenham are 14/1 with Paddy Power to beat Norwich 4-0 on Saturday
The France international Tweeted: "Morning all,surgery done with success..Now looking forward for my rehab.I thank you all for your great support as usual!#comingbackstronger.
"Sorry I forgot to mention how long...Should be 4 months."
Fellow centre-back Michael Dawson looked on course for a move away from White Hart Lane with a £10 million move to QPR on the cards but Spurs boss Andre Villas-Boas could now be forced into a rethink.
Kaboul now looks certain to miss high-profile Premier League matches against the likes of Manchester United, Chelsea, Arsenal, Manchester City and Liverpool.