Commons, 29, last appeared for his country back in February 2011 but could be set to add to his nine caps starting with their match against Gary Coleman’s side in Cardiff on Friday.
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Rhodes fellow Blackburn team-mate Grant Hanley had earlier pulled out of the squad with a groin strain, although Scott Brown and Charlie Mulgrew are expected to recover from knocks to be fit.
Everton striker Steven Naismith will serve his two-match ban, but recently-fit Manchester United midfielder Darren Fletcher and recently recalled Sunderland striker Steven Fletcher could be involved.
Squad in full:
Goalkeepers: Matt Gilks (Blackpool), Allan McGregor (Besiktas), David Marshall (Cardiff City)
Defenders: Christophe Berra (Wolves), Gary Caldwell (Wigan Athletic), Daniel Fox (Southampton), Alan Hutton (Aston Villa), Russell Martin (Norwich City), Charlie Mulgrew (Celtic), Andy Webster (Heart of Midlothian)
Midfielders : Charlie Adam (Stoke), Scott Brown (Celtic), Darren Fletcher (Manchester United), James Forrest (Celtic), James McArthur (Wigan Athletic), Shaun Maloney (Wigan Athletic), James Morrison (West Bromwich Albion), Kris Commons (Celtic), Matt Phillips (Blackpool)
Forwards: Steven Fletcher (Sunderland), Jamie Mackie (Queens Park Rangers), Kenny Miller (Vancouver Whitecaps)