Mauricio Pochettino's side were booed off at half-time during a dreadful performance, their unexpected hope from the Belgian's late goal ended by Kyle Naughton's red card
A horrendous first-half display saw Mauricio Pochettino's side carved open twice by the Potters, who scored through Bojan Krkic and Jonathan Walters.
Spurs improved somewhat after the break and Chadli's magnificent volleyed goal in the late stages gave them an unexpected lifeline but that soon fizzled out when Kyle Naughton hacked down Victor Moses to prevent a clear goalscoring opportunity and was sent off.
Victory lifts the visitors back into the top 10, while Tottenham's third league defeat in four matches sees them slip into the bottom half.
Spurs created the first chance in the fourth minute as Harry Kane, handed his first league start as one of three changes, saw his header from a Chadli cross easily saved by Asmir Begovic but the visitors took the lead two minutes later through Bojan's excellent solo effort.
Having exchanged passes with Steven N'Zonzi inside his own half, Bojan embarked on a run towards goal from the halfway line and, with no Tottenham challenge forthcoming, he unleashed a low shot from 20 yards that beat Hugo Lloris.
Stoke's joy was dampened slightly in the seventh minute when Phil Bardsley, Mark Hughes's only change after serving a suspension, was forced off with a groin injury, Geoff Cameron replacing him.
Kane continued to pose a threat in the attacking third for Tottenham but he was unable to beat Begovic, the Bosnia and Herzegovina international saving twice from the young striker.
Another defensive injury saw Stoke make their second change before the half hour as Marc Muniesa replaced Marc Wilson but it failed to negatively impact the visitors, who doubled their lead after 32 minutes. Tottenham's defending was again poor, a simple Ryan Shawcross header finding Mame Biram Diouf in space, and his square ball was tapped in by the unmarked Walters.
Pochettino rang the changes at the break in a bid to lift the hosts, Erik Lamela and Mousa Dembele entering the fray for the ineffective Andros Townsend and Christian Eriksen.
Lamela nearly had the desired impact as a run down the left resulted in a pass to Kane but again the striker was unable to beat Begovic.
More disorganised defending from Tottenham almost gifted Stoke a third goal as Federico Fazio gifted the ball to N'Zonzi inside the penalty area but the Argentine's blushes were spared as the resulting shot was lashed wide.
With time running out Tottenham began to lay siege on the Stoke goal, Begovic saving brilliantly from a Lamela free kick before Chadli finally reduced the deficit. Danny Rose made good ground down the left and delivered a cross to the back post where the Belgian volleyed into the top corner from a very tight angle.
Tottenham's momentum was brought to an abrupt halt in the closing minutes as Naughton cynically brought down Victor Moses and Stoke could have extended their lead further through substitute Stephen Ireland.
Lloris made a fine save to deny the midfielder and the final whistle was met by the sound of Tottenham's booing fans.