The 50-year-old suffered his first Premier League defeat since returning to Stamford Bridge following Steven Naismith's header on the stroke of half time
Samuel Eto'o, who started on his Chelsea debut, and Andre Schurrle both squandered good opportunities in the first half to put their side in front.
And they were duly punished for not capitalising on those chances when Steven Naismith scored a close-range header on the stroke of half-time, after positive build-up play from Ross Barkley and Nikica Jelavic.
Chelsea continued to press for the equaliser in the second half at Goodison Park, but failed to find a way past Everton, leaving Mourinho to suffer to his first Premier League defeat since returning to Stamford Bridge.
"We had chances and chances and we didn't score. If you don't score what you create it means nothing," said the Chelsea manager.
"If you create and score goals you get three points and win the game. Perhaps we didn't have the killer instinct, maybe one day we'll have three chances and score three goals.
"The players are good so sooner or later we will score goals related to the production of chances. We have to play to our strengths which is what we did, but we have to put the ball in the net."
Mourinho also felt his side should have had a penalty when substitute Oscar was fouled by Sylvain Distin in the second half, but referee Howard Webb waved for play on.
He added: "Normally a top referee, and he is a top referee, a penalty is a penalty. We would have had a good chance.
"If that is not a penalty the one for Manchester United against Crystal Palace is not a penalty."