Holland crashed out of the tournament in Germany after a violent game against Portugal, which saw the referee show 16 yellow and four red cards, while they also made the headlines for all the wrong reasons after the lost final against Spain four years ago.
"I really do not know why they behaved so on both the occasions," Van Basten was quoted as saying by the Times of India.
"Yes, it is normal to be passionate about winning the World Cup. But that should not indulge you to go this far.
"The Dutch football philosophy is completely different from what was seen in Germany and South Africa."
Nevertheless, the former AC Milan striker, who managed Oranje between 2004 and 2006, stressed that referee Valentin Ivanov played a big role in the so-called Battle of Nuremberg eight years ago.
"That was a horrible match against Portugal. I said after the match and I still believe that the referee Ivanov was not up to the mark on that day.
"Yes, the footballers were going after each other and if he was stricter from the word go, it could have been avoided.
"However, the players too, have to take their share of the blame."