The 21-year-old completes his switch to the Villans on a three-year deal and becomes the club's sixth summer signing
The 21-year-old has signed a three-year deal with Paul Lambert's side, after he left the Spireites in a move from the fourth to the top tier of English football.
New Villans boss Paul Lambert has shown with his previous transfer dealings this summer that he is not afraid to delve into the lower leagues in his search for new players having snapped up Matt Lowton and Joe Bennett from Sheffield United and Middlesbrough respectively.
Bowery also joins Brett Holman, Karim El-Ahmadi and Ron Vlaar as a new addition and Lambert believes his latest acquisition could surprise everyone next season despite his lack of experience at the top level.
The manager told the club website: "Jordan's a good player. The hunger will be there for him and he could surprise a few people.
"He's a good lad, he's strong and powerful. He's played over 100 games in the Football League and Cup football, so he's battle-hardened.
"He's one for the future but if he steps up to the plate like I think he can then I would have no hesitation in throwing him in, none whatsoever."
The young striker impressed his new boss by scoring 12 goals in 48 games across all competitions and had already struck once in his three appearances this season for his former club.
Now Bowery wants to show the Villa Park faithful that he can do it in the Premier League too.
"This is a Premier League club with so much history, a massive club, and I'm really excited," he said.
"The chief executive at Chesterfield told me that a bid had been accepted and that Paul Lambert was going to give me a call.
"He talked about wanting to bring in young, raw, hungry talent, players who want to improve here and want to get to this level and stay at this level. I think that's what he's looked at in me."
Bowery also explains how the opportunity to learn from more established professionals was another factor behind why he wanted the move.
He added: "All young players want to learn from more experienced players. When I was at Chesterfield I learned off a guy called Jack Lester - he has been a good professional for a long time and played at some big clubs like Sheffield United and Nottingham Forest.
"Now I want to learn off the guys who have played so many games in the Premier League. Gabby, Darren Bent, even guys like Nathan Delfouneso and Andreas Weimann I can learn a lot from.
"I'm quick, I'm fit and I work hard, those are all advantages to my game. Now I have to work harder than ever before to make an impression here and to repay the manager.
"I have no goals really at the minute, I'm just going to take it day by day. I am going to show the manager what I can do and I'm going to work hard to show everyone what I can do."