The 19-year-old, who has been loaned back to Birmingham until the end of the season, turned down a switch to Stamford Bridge due to his belief that he might struggle to get games.
And he has confirmed that the Blues' England contingent quizzed him over the situation ahead of last week's friendly clash with Brazil.
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"They were completely understanding with what I said, and that was that Chelsea are a fantastic club and I would have loved to have said ‘yes’ to them but I didn’t feel they could guarantee me first-team football as early as I would like.
"I didn’t feel it was the right move now so I simply said it wasn’t for me, thank you, and maybe we can do something in the future."
Butland, who has yet to earn a maiden senior international cap, went on to describe first-choice Three Lions' shot-stopper Joe Hart as a "role model".
He added: "We each know how hard it can be. With any mistake anyone makes it’s highlighted very quickly as a goalkeeper.
"Just being able to pick up the phone and speak to him and get his opinion is very important. He’s a role model to try to follow."
The Bristol-born keeper also commented on his first impressions at Stoke, where he is set to train once a week until joining up full-time next season.
He added: "It was everything I wanted to see when I first went there. I feel it can take me to the next step."