The Lazio goalkeeper has not been involved in the Azzurri set-up since 2010, but has been in fine form this season which has earned himself a spot in the team.
There are six Juventus players named by Prandelli, while AC Milan have five stars involved in the squad, including new €22 million [£19m] signing Mario Balotelli.
Only three Italians who play outside the country have been chosen for the team to face the Dutch: Newcastle United full-back Davide Santon and Paris Saint-Germain pair Salvatore Sirigu and Marco Verratti.
The international friendly, which kicks off at 20:30CET on Wednesday night in Amsterdam, will not feature Leonardo Bonucci, as the Bianconeri defender was dropped over his ban for insulting an official in Serie A.
The likes of Giorgio Chiellini, Christian Maggio and Federico Balzaretti have missed out on the squad due to injury.
The squad in full to face Netherlands:
|Morgan De Sanctis||Napoli|
|Salvatore Sirigu||Paris Saint-Germain|
|Ignazio Abate||AC Milan|
|Davide Santon||Newcastle United|
|Daniele De Rossi||Roma|
|Riccardo Montolivo||AC Milan|
|Antonio Nocerino||AC Milan|
|Marco Verratti||Paris Saint-Germain|
|Mario Balotelli||AC Milan|
|Stephan El Shaarawy||AC Milan|