The FA confirmed in a statement on its official website that "the incident was not seen by the match officials and has therefore been retrospectively reviewed.
"It is alleged that the conduct of Suarez constitutes violent conduct and it is the FA's contention that the standard punishment of three matches that would otherwise apply is clearly insufficient in these circumstances."
The Liverpool star has until 18.00BST on Tuesday to appeal, with an independent panel to be brought together on Wednesday to hear the charge.
Suarez has been fined by his club, who have indicated that they would accept any judgement forthcoming from the FA.
The forward's actions have prompted outrage from fans and pundits, with former PFA chairman Pat Nevin telling Goal.com that the Reds man had "let down his fellow professionals".