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Goal.com's Ewan Macdonald looks at how the fate of the world's biggest tournament will be decided...

Join Goal.com as we look at how the hosts of the 2018 and 2022 World Cups is to be decided.

Background

The 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cups will be respectively the 21st and 22nd editions of the world's biggest international football tournament. Competition to host these events is fierce, as bringing the World Cup to a country spurs economic gains through tourism, broadcasting, logistics etc., and is also a source of great prestige for current government.

As such there are nine serious bids remaining for the rights to host the tournament, with others - including Indonesia and Mexico - having fallen by the wayside during the pre-bidding process.

All the bids for 2018 are in Europe. Some of the European countries wished also to bid for the 2022 World Cup, but because the tournament will by necessity be hosted in Europe in 2018, and two consecutive Cups on the same continent are not allowed, these bids were voided. Bids for 2022, meanwhile, come from throughout the world, with the exception of South America - which is hosting in Brazil in 2014 - and Africa, which has not put forward a bid despite being eligible to do so for 2022.

The winner of each edition will be chosen by the FIFA Executive Committee in a manner to be described shortly.

Bidders

Below we see the list of bidders, with links given to the Goal.com bid profile.

2018 2022
http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/BEL.gif http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/NED.gif Belgium & Netherlands http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/AUS.gif Australia
http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ENG.gif England http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/JPN.gif Japan
http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/RUS.gif Russia http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/QAT.gif Qatar
http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/POR.gif http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ESP.gif Portugal & Spain http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/KOR.gif South Korea

http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/USA.gif United States

Each bidder had to provide:
  • A pre-bid show of interest by 2 February 2009.
  • Official bid registration by 16 March 2009.
  • Establishment of official Bid Committees by 18 September 2009.
  • An official application dossier, including a contractual commitment towards hosting the event, by 14 May 2010 (although the Bidding Agreements were in fact due the previous December).
  • Access to a FIFA delegation charged with inspecting facilities. The dates for these visits were as follows (all 2010):
    • http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/JPN.gif Japan 19-22 July
    • http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/KOR.gif South Korea 22-25 July
    • http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/AUS.gif Australia 26-29 July
    • http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/BEL.gif http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/NED.gif Belgium & Netherlands 9-12 August
    • http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/RUS.gif Russia 16-19 August
    • http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ENG.gif England 23-26 August
    • http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/POR.gif http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ESP.gif Portugal & Spain 30 August-2 Septembder
    • http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/USA.gif United States 6-9 September
    • http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/QAT.gif Qatar 13-17 September
All of this leads to 2 December 2010, the date on which the FIFA Executive Committee will announce the winning bids for both 2018 and 2022.

Voting

Voter Role (Notes)
Sepp Blatter http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/SUI.gif President
Julio Grondona http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ARG.gif Senior VP
Issa Hayatou http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ENG.gif VP
Mong-Joon Chung http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/KOR.gif VP
Jack Warner http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ENG.gif VP
Angel Maria Villar Llona http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ESP.gif VP
Michel Platini http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ENG.gif VP
Reynald Temarii http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ENG.gif VP (Susp.)
Geoff Thompson http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ENG.gif VP
Michel D'Hooghe http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/BEL.gif Member
Ricardo Terra Teixeira http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ENG.gif Member
Mohamed Bin Hammam http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/QAT.gif Member
Senes Erzik http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ENG.gif Member
Chuck Blazer http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ENG.gif Member
Worawi Makudi http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ENG.gif Member
Nicolas Leoz http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ENG.gif Member
Junji Ogura http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/JPN.gif Member
Amos Adamu http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ENG.gif Member (Susp.)
Marios Lefkaritis http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ENG.gif Member
Jacques Anouma http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ENG.gif Member
Franz Beckenbauer http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ENG.gif Member
Rafael Salguero http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ENG.gif Member
Hany Abo Rida http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ENG.gif Member
Vitaly Mutko http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ENG.gif Member
Jerome Valcke http://i.goal.com/web/goal/2010112304-rev10820/images/flags/three-letter-code/ENG.gif Sec. Gen. (No vote)
Voting is carried out by the FIFA Executive Committee, of which there are 24 members. These comprise the FIFA President - currently Sepp Blatter - Senior Vice President Julio Grondona, seven Vice-Presidents (one from each continental association plus one representing one of the "Home Nations" of the United Kingdom), and 15 members, all of whom are appointed on four-year terms. There is also a Secretary General - France's Jerome Valcke - but he is not able to vote in the ballot. Nor are Vice-President Reynald Temarii of Tahiti (OFC) nor Member Amos Adamu of Nigeria (AFC), who have been suspended due to corruption.

This leaves 22 voters, and as such 12 votes or more will win either bid. Votes take place behind closed doors on Voting takes place via a secret ballot on December 2nd during a gala event in which each prospective host will give a presentation to the assembled Committee. This part will be broadcast live on television worldwide. The Committee will then retire to cast their secret votes. In the case of a tie FIFA president Sepp Blatter casts the deciding vote, and it is he who will announce the winners in front of a global television audience.

Voting is to be conducted according to the outcomes determined by FIFA during their fact-finding trips to each country. FIFA have produced both private and public documents decribing the strengths and weaknesses of each country, the public versions being available on the website. Furthermore each bidder's Bid Book gives a detailed description of the facilities on offer in each country. Voters are expected to select the best bidder based on numerous factors - not just the facilities and logistics, but also on FIFA's commercial aspirations and the governing body's long-standing mission to spread the game beyond its traditional strongholds of Europe and South America.

Controversy

The cases of member Adamu and vice-president Temarii indicate flaws in FIFA's voting model. Tales of cash-for-votes abound in the world of FIFA, and with undercover journalists from the United Kingdom apparently uncovering two more cases this year, FIFA's credibility has again been hit. Neither Temarii not Adamu - the latter of whom claims that he was quoted out of context when asking for money to build new pitches in Nigeria - has been removed from their post, but were instead fined, suspended, and banned from voting.

Animosity between competing nations has also been a hallmark of the current round of bidding. England and Russia sparred verbally over their respective bids before making peace in October; Vice-President Jack Warner, meanwhile, has hinted that if the British Broadcasting Corporation airs a documentary shedding light on alleged corruption within the organisation prior to the day of the vote, then potential England voters might be dissuaded. (Warner's history with England, and with FIFA-related corruption, is at this point well-known.)

In short, while the bidding process itself has largely been transparent and without problems, the voting - which, again, takes place on 2 December - is shrouded in typical FIFA secrecy. Barring leaks or voluntary revelations, all the outside world will know is the final outcome.

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