Cameroon needed to overcome a 2-0 scoreline from their first encounter with Cape Verde on Sunday evening, but, despite Samuel Eto'o's return to the national side, the Islanders emerged victorious, the former Barcelona man's team-mates only able to must a 2-1 retort.
Despite their country's exit from the competition, Cameroonians were able to celebrate a goal scored by 16-year-old debutant Fabrice Olinga, a product of the Samuel Eto'o Foundation, whose strike was set up by his mentor.
With the qualifiers now complete, the finalists are as follows:
South Africa, Zambia, DR Congo, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Niger, Ghana, Mali, Togo, Burkina Faso, Angola, Cape Verde, Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia.
Cote d'Ivoire are likely to join the rest of the squads after their match in Senegal was abandoned due to severe crowd trouble, but the Confederation of African Football is still to speak on the matter.
Ethiopia qualified for their first finals since 1982, beating Sudan 2-0 to advance on away goals, while Niger stunned Guinea with a 2-0 win in Niamey.
Burkina Faso needed a stoppage-time goal from Alain Traore to secure a 3-1 win over Central African Republic, narrowly avoiding an away-goals loss.
Emmanuel Adebayor got the decisive goal for Togo as they beat Gabon 3-2, while former Manchester United striker Manucho was Angola’s hero, scoring twice as they overcame Zimbabwe 2-0.
DR Congo lost 2-1 in Equatorial Guinea originally, but advanced comfortably 5-2 on aggregate, while Algeria defeated north African rivals Libya 2-0 to secure a 3-0 overall victory.
Ghana, Mali, Morocco, Nigeria, Tunisia, and defending champions Zambia, all secured qualification on Saturday.