The Everton and Costa Rica left-back fractured his tibia and fibula in January and was making good progress towards a return, but the summer tournament will come too soon
|8/1||Costa Rica are 8/1 with William Hill to qualify from Group D|
However, Oviedo has now revealed he will not be able to participate in the global showpiece.
In a message on his official Twitter account, he said: "I just got the news. I gave my best, but I can not be at the World Cup. I know my team are going to do a great job. Thanks for the support!"
Oviedo, comfortable at both full-back and in midfield, will now focus on regaining full fitness ahead of the 2014-15 Premier League season.
Costa Rica face Uruguay, Italy and England in Group D at the World Cup.