The Chelsea centre-back will be reassessed ahead of Tuesday's clash with Montenegro but Newcastle's Steven Taylor is summoned as cover after a medical examination on Monday
Cahill was assessed by England medical staff on Monday, having sustained a knee injury during Chelsea's victory over West Ham on Sunday.
The Blues centre-back will be re-assessed ahead of the Montenegro qualifier next Tuesday, but Taylor will now likely feature against the European minnows on Friday.
On receiving the call-up, Taylor stated on Twitter via his representatives: "I am so happy to have received a call-up to the full squad. It's every player's ambition to represent their country."
Taylor has made 29 appearances for England Under-21s, but has never been capped at senior level.