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The global suspension will also have huge implications for Suarez's club career, should he remain with Liverpool or leave Anfield, as he will not be available for any fixtures until October 26.
Should he remain with Brendan Rodgers' side, he will miss nine Premier League matches, including the visit to the Etihad Stadium to take on champions Manchester City as well as the first Merseyside derby of the campaign.
He would also be unavailable for selection for the opening three rounds of the Champions League group stages, and cannot enter a football stadium during his ban.
Claudio Sulser, the chairman of the Fifa Disciplinary Committee, explained the decision and cited the fact that the incident had taken place at the World Cup as a contributing factor behind the severity of the punishment.
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"The Disciplinary Committee took into account all the factors of the case and the degree of Mr Suárez’s guilt in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Code. The decision comes into force as soon it is communicated."
Both the Uruguayan FA and Suarez can appeal the ban, though Liverpool cannot, with any appeal not affecting the suspension as it stands.
Nine matches also represents the longest suspension for an incident at a World Cup, surpassing the eight matches Italy's Mauro Tassotti missed following an altercation with Spain's Luis Enrique in 1994.
This incident follows two previous biting controversies for the 27-year-old following a seven-match ban for biting Otman Bakkal while playing for Ajax in 2010 and a ten-match suspension for a similar altercation involving Chelsea's Branislav Ivanovic in 2013.