The Chelsea skipper sustained a knock on his ankle midway through the second half of Friday's game but remained on the pitch as Roy Hodgson had already made his three permitted substitutes.
Terry's club-mate Gary Cahill is his likely replacement, although Everton defender Phil Jagielka is also a candidate to partner Joleon Lescott at the heart of England's defence.
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Manchester City and England midfielder James Milner admitted that losing a player of Terry's quality was a blow, but insisted the strength in depth at the Three Lions' disposal would mean his loss wouldn't be felt too hard.
He told reporters: "Obviously JT is a top player and will be tough to replace, but we've got a number of top candidates who can step right in, so it shouldn't be too much of a problem."