The 19-year-old defender impressed for the Merseyside outfit in their recent Europa League clash with Udinese and has been rewarded with a place in Stuart Pearce's squad
The 19-year-old started in the Reds' recent 3-2 home defeat to Udinese in the Europa League and gave an assured performance against experienced opposition.
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The Warrington-born defender is joined by Liverpool team-mates Jordan Henderson, Raheem Sterling and Andre Wisdom in the squad.
Robinson is the second-youngest ever player to play for Liverpool, having made his debut aged just 16 years and 250 days, and held the record as the youngest until Jerome Sinclair's recent League Cup cameo.
Full Under-21 squad: Ben Amos, Jack Butland, Declan Rudd, Jason Steele; Ryan Bennett, Steven Caulker, Nathaniel Clyne, Craig Dawson, Tom Lees, Jack Rodwell, Danny Rose, Adam Smith, Andre Wisdom; Jordan Henderson, Tom Ince, Henri Lansbury, Jason Lowe, Josh McEachran, Nick Powell, Jonjo Shelvey, Raheem Sterling, Wilfried Zaha; Nathan Delfouneso, Marvin Sordell, Andros Townsend, Connor Wickham.
The first leg of the tie, which will decide whether England feature at next summer's tournament in Israel, will take place at Carrow Road on Friday with the second leg being played the following Tuesday.