The Magpies have the joint best defence in the Premier League and their hard-to-beat nature has proven the bedrock for their great start to the season, which sees them lie 4th in the table.
Taylor believes the influence of the Argentine is filtering down to him and the rest of the Newcastle team.
"I feel I'm playing well, and I've just got to continue that," Taylor told The Shields Gazette. "I'm playing alongside a very good centre-half in Coloccini. He's in his prime, and is a great leader.
"Day in, day out, I'm enjoying training and playing alongside him. I'm taking the advice he's giving me, which is very important. I love learning from someone who's played at the highest level for Argentina.
"For me, I'm just enjoying playing my football. It's an honour to play with the lads we've got now. It's a fantastic spirit we've got here."
Alan Pardew’s side lost last weekend for the first time this season, and for the first time in 15 league games, and now face Manchester United at Old Trafford where they haven’t won since 1972.
Taylor believes the atmosphere amongst the players and around the club at the minute is the reason for their success this season which the club will look to continue on Saturday.
"We've had our good times, and we've had our bad times," Taylor added. "Now they're good times. I think this club's moving forward.
"We've got a tight-knit group of players who want to do well and play for each other. That's showing on the pitch, and in and around the dressing room and on the training pitch.
"The atmosphere's fantastic, and we're just enjoying playing. We've stuck to the basics, and done very well. That's all we've done."