Didier Deschamps's side's hopes of automatic qualification hang by a thread ahead of their latest qualifier
Les Bleus drew 0-0 with Georgia on Friday and with Spain winning in Finland, they now trail the Group I leaders by three points with just two games left to play.
Goals have been hard to come by for Didier Deschamps' side in recent matches, with France drawing a blank in their last five outings.
The stalemate in Tbilisi underlined their woes in front of goal, with Olivier Giroud and Karim Benzema both guilty of wasting the kind of opportunities that they have been putting away for their club sides.
The 1998 World Cup-winners do at least have the comfort of a five-point gap over third-placed Finland, which should ensure that they claim a play-off spot as a minimum.
An altogether more cohesive France outfit ran out comfortable 3-1 winners when the two nations met last September and les Bleus will still be expected to come out on top against a Belarus side who sit bottom with just one win in six games.