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The trip to Camp Nou will be the last outing for Neil Lennon's side in Europe this season, but what has gone wrong after the highs of last year?

A year is a long time in soccer. After beating Barcelona and reaching the last 16 of the Champions League last season, Celtic goes into Wednesday’s game with the Catalans knowing it will be their last continental outing of the 2013-14 campaign.

Twelve months ago, Neil Lennon’s men beat Spartak Moscow 2-1 on the final match day of the group stage. The win took it to the magical 10-point mark and into the money-spinning knockout stages, where it was handed a dream matchup against Italian champion Juventus.

This year – unless it can surprisingly pick up a positive result at Camp Nou – Celtic will finish with a total of just three points. Rock bottom of its group and without even the Europa League as a consolation to look forward to after Christmas, Celtic has not even come close to achieving its coach’s target of going one stage further this season.

The margins between perceived success and failure are, of course, incredibly small in top-level sport and Celtic has not gone from being a good team to a bad one overnight, although enough has gone wrong in recent months to deliver an unsatisfactory European campaign.

CELTIC'S CHAMPIONS LEAGUE CAMPAIGN
AC Milan
Celtic
Celtic
Ajax
Celtic
2-0
0-1
2-1
1-0
0-3
Celtic
Barcelona
Ajax
Celtic
AC Milan
Team
1. Barcelona
2. AC Milan
3. Ajax
4. Celtic
Played
5
5
5
5
Points
10
8
7
3
GD
+6
+3
-3
-6
A poor performance in the transfer market is what many fans are using to explain the Champions League struggles. Three of Celtic’s most important players from last season – Gary Hooper, Victor Wanyama and Kelvin Wilson – all left the club in the summer and were not adequately replaced.

Hooper was in the last year of his contract and refused to sign a new one, so it was always likely he would leave. It was impossible for Celtic to reject a 12.5 million pound bid for Wanyama when it had only signed him for 900,000 pounds two years earlier, and Wilson asked to return to England for family reasons.

With the spine of the team gone, additions were needed. The club had money to spend – both from the proceeds of those deals and the 22 million pounds of revenue from last year’s European exploits. But the recruitment process was not handled well. New players were brought in too late in the summer, when they had not gone through a full preseason in Glasgow, meaning the summer signings had little time to bed into the team with the club’s season, which began July 17, already six weeks old.

You can understand the thinking behind the Scottish champions waiting to see if they would make it through qualifying before committing to deals, but Lennon has acknowledged the approach caused problems and will look to move more quickly when he builds for next season’s campaign, starting in January.

The timing of arrivals is a key factor, but so too has been the quality of players coming in. Dutch defender Virgil van Dijk has been an impressive addition – despite his disappointing performance in the 3-0 loss to AC Milan – but the same cannot be said for any of the others. Derk Boerrigter has struggled for form and fitness, Teemu Pukki has scored just twice in 16 games, Amido Balde is currently too raw to make an impact at the top level, Nir Biton has not forced his way into the team, and Steven Mouyokolo is ruled out with a long-term injury.

But even if those players had proven to be a success, the team would have needed more than what came in to replace the stars who moved south.

Transfer market issues aside, the key players who were already in Celtic’s squad can reflect on the campaign knowing they did not perform to the same standards as last year. Fraser Forster will be disappointed with his performance against AC Milan at home. Scott Brown will regret his red card for stupidly kicking out at Neymar against Barcelona, as the lack of an abrasive midfield presence has proven to be a key factor during his suspension.

Georgios Samaras, so often inspirational in big matches, has not stopped running but failed to perform with the same quality as last year. Kris Commons is on fire domestically but is another who will look back on underwhelming displays in Europe.

A return of two goals from five games was never going to be enough, highlighting the absence of a top-class goalscorer. After Hooper’s departure, Anthony Stokes has found it hard to provide a cutting edge, while the same can be said for Samaras and Pukki whenever they have been named in attack.

There has also been an element of misfortune. Celtic was uninspiring in the away defeat to Ajax, but in the first two matches of the campaign Lennon’s men were unlucky to lose. Goalless draws were in the cards against Milan away and Barcelona at home until missed chances came back to haunt Celtic when late goals were conceded.

Two points from those opening games would have put a completely different complexion on the group table and those narrow defeats, in games in which Celtic held its own, have proven decisive. In the return game against Milan, Lennon’s players only had themselves to blame after conceding two basic goals from corners – an unforgivable situation when you are playing at the Champions League level.

Key player sales, a poor transfer market, top players underperforming and vital late goals going against you make it very difficult to progress in what was always going to be a tough group.

Wednesday’s match will be Celtic’s fourth in two years against Barca and Lennon will want his players to bow out with another creditable performance against the Catalan giants before coming back to produce a much stronger challenge in 2014-15.

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