The Bianconeri trainer feels the midfielder can be one of the world's best if he maintains the same progress shown since he moved to Turin
The hosts stifled the Italian champions to good effect in a dour encounter, but Pogba popped up with the vital assist for league debutant Carlos Tevez to net the winner.
And Conte has hailed the growing maturity of his prodigy, stating there is no limit to his potential.
"Pogba is a modern player, as he is strong, fast and has stamina," the 44-year-old told reporters after the match.
"He’s also humble, so listens to the advice given by me and by his team-mates. We started working on him a year ago and his progress has been incredible.
"I saw his interviews in which he said he wanted to become the best in the world. I am happy with that, because in my view he can be the best."
Pogba looks set for an extended run in the first team following Claudio Marchisio's knee injury, which is likely to leave him sidelined for a month, and the midfielder paid tribute to his team-mates for aiding his progress.
"I feel like I have improved a lot especially playing with the likes of [Andrea] Pirlo, Arturo [Vidal], [Giorgio] Chiellini and now Tevez.
"We are strong mentally. We are Juve and we always want to win."
The young France international scored five goals in 37 official appearances for the Italian champions last season.